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The capital city of Aragon this scenic city is rich with culture and history, and is renowned throughout Spain for its unique architecture, much of which survived various sieges and struggles for this ancient city.
The city of Zaragoza was founded about 2000 years old by the Iberian Celts who lived under the rule of the Roman Empire, and was later a major power center for the Visigoths, and then the Muslim Arabs during the conquest of Spain. During the 11th and 12th centuries it was part of the independent Taifa Kingdoms that came to power following the defeat and downfall of the Cordoban Caliphate.
The city was ruled by the Banu Tujibi and the Banu Hud, under the reconquesta of Spain, when the city became an important part of the Kingdom of Aragon, which lasted until 1707. The city survived two famous sieges during the British liberation of Spain in the Peninsular War.
Later during the Spanish Civil from 1936 until 1939 the city was a center of Franco’s Nationalist forces, and was taken by the Republican Durruiti Column forces led by Buenaventrua Durruti.Today the city offers visitors a look at the various cultures that build it, and is home to many important Spanish baroque buildings.