This National Reserve is one of only two in the entire country of New Zealand therefore has great significance. It is the home of the only Dendroglyphs. Dendroglyphs are impressions of what appear to be human like charactures 'carved' into the bark of the kopi tree. It is believed the 'carvings were not performed in the same manner as Maori carvings. These were done pre-Maori by a race of people called Moriori. These people were domiciled on the Chatham Islands approx 400 to 500 years prior to Maori. Their method of inscribing the trees , it is thought was done similar to the method employed by Maori in applying moko ( tattoos). Performed in manner where a small mallet like tool or wooden implement hitting the back of a sharp needle point implement. The kopi tree is one of few trees of the world that does not have growth rings. The Moriori it is believed transported the trees to the Chatham Islands with them as a food source.
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